Basketball court dimensions and size have some variation based on the level of play. To help explain the various sizes, we’ve created a chart and diagrams that should help you. And, we’ve organized the material into a helpful Q & A format.
What is a basketball court size?
Well, it depends on each court you measure — but, there are some standards. The age of the players who will be the primary users and budgets are considerations for court builders.
Basketball Court Dimensions
Regulation basketball court dimensions are 94 feet long by 50 feet wide.
Basketball court size varies depending on the league and level of play. For NBA court dimensions and WNBA and college, the court measures 94 feet long by 50 feet wide. Note the paint area – the free throw lane – is 16 feet across. The foul line is 15 feet from the face of the backboard and 2 inches wide.
International Basketball Federation (FIBA) and Olympic basketball courts call for the court to be slightly smaller at 91.9 feet by 49.2 feet. In meters, that’s 28 by 15 meters.
NBA Court Dimensions Diagram
High school basketball court dimensions
The court in the high school and junior high basketball gym measures 84 feet long by 50 feet wide. Court markings reflect those dimensions.
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High School Basketball Court Diagram
At a younger level of play than college or pro, the court length is 10 feet shorter at 84 feet.
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How long is a basketball court?
So, what are court dimensions in feet? The high school court is 84 feet long. The length of an NBA court is exactly 10 feet longer. In fact, college and all professional league games, including the WNBA, are played on a 94-foot long court.
One of the most famous college facilities is Pauley Pavilion where the UCLA Bruins play.
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College Basketball Court Diagram
What are court dimensions in meters?
The metric size of a professional court is 28.65 meters long by 15.24 meters wide. The high school court measures 25.6 meters long.
What are half-court dimensions?
Half-court dimensions are 47 feet long for the pros and 42 feet long for high school.
What are the half-court dimensions for a backyard?
Youth half court dimensions are usually 42 feet long by 37 feet wide. High school half courts are slightly larger, at 50 feet long by 42 feet wide.
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What are backyard court dimensions?
Backyard courts can be whatever size you wish (or can fit), but typically they are 90 feet long by 50 feet wide.
What are youth court dimensions – Middle School and High school?
The middle school court size is 74 feet long by 42 feet wide. High school courts are slightly larger, at 84 feet long by 50 feet wide.
Looking for a basketball court in your area to play? Check out The Original Basketball Court Finder.
Basketball Hoop Height and Size
It’s critical that you set the goal at the proper height. Here are your guidelines.
What is the regulation basketball rim height? How tall is a hoop?
The distance from the gym floor to the rim is 10 feet. This rim height is the same for Junior High, High School, NCAA, WNBA, FIBA, and the NBA. Some kids leagues will lower the hoop to 8 feet or 9 feet to acknowledge that younger kids have a hard time shooting at 10 feet high hoops.
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How wide is an NBA basketball hoop? What is the NBA rim size?
The rim size is the same for all levels of the game – junior high, high school, NCAA, WNBA, NBA, and FIBA – at 18 inches in diameter.
Basketball Free Throw and 3 Point Distance
Read guidelines below carefully as the three-point distance varies by player.
What is the free-throw line distance? How far is the free-throw line?
The free-throw line is measured from the shooting line that intersects the key to the spot on the floor directly underneath the backboard. The free throw distance in the NBA, WNBA, and NCAA is 15 feet.
Did you know that Steve Nash was the best percentage shooter of free throws in the NBA? He shot 90.43% from the line making 3,060 of 3,384 attempts.
What is the high school 3 point line distance?
The 3 point line for high school is 19.9 feet from the basket.
What is the college 3 point line distance?
The 3 point line for both NCAA men and women is set at 20 feet, 9 inches from the hoop.
What is the WNBA 3 point line distance?
The WNBA 3 point line is 22.15 feet from the basket. From the corners, the distance is 21.65 feet.
What is the NBA 3 point line distance?
The pros shoot 3-pointers from beyond the arc which is 23.75 feet from the basket. From the corners, the distance is 22 feet.
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Size of the Basketball
Matching the size of the basketball to players’ hand-size makes a difference. Read on.
What is the ball diameter and circumference?
The size of the ball is different for men’s, women’s and youth leagues.
For the NBA, men’s college, and boys ages 15 and up, players play with a 9.43-9.51 inch diameter (the width measured left to right) basketball. The circumference (the distance measured around the outside) of the ball is 29.5 inches. The official NBA game ball is made by Spalding and measures 9.43-9.51 inches in diameter, or 29.5 inches (75cm) in circumference.
NCAA women and the WNBA use a slightly smaller ball with a roughly 9.07-9.23 inch diameter and 28.5-inch circumference.
The ball used in boys’ youth leagues has a 28.5-inch circumference. Girls’ youth basketballs are 27.5 inches in circumference. Kids 5 to 8 years old use the smallest ball at 25.5 inches in circumference.
Great Basketball Courts Everyone Should See
- Rucker Park in Harlem, New York. Where street legends go to make their name. Home of Kareem Abdul Jabaar, Nate Archibald, and Connie Hawkins. Even Kevin Durant and Kobe Bryant have made appearances.
- United Center, Chicago, Illinois. Michael Jordan won 6 NBA titles while calling this his home court.
- Hoosiers Gym in Knightstown, Indiana. Gene Hackman + Dennis Hopper + Picket Fence = best basketball movie ever.
- Pauley Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. Home to the UCLA Bruins and John Wooden’s greatest college hoops dynasty.
- Madison Square Garden, Manhattan, New York. Home of the Knicks with a household name that needs no introductions.
- The Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. One word: “Showtime!”
- The Swim Gym, Beverly Hills High School in Los Angeles. Remember “It’s a Wonderful Life” and the retractable gym floor? This is the place. Built-in 1939, a 25-yard pool was placed under the gym floor. It’s a Wonderful Life was a 1946 movie.
Basketball Court in “It’s A Wonderful Life” Video
Timing of a Game
Here are total game times for basketball games for each level of play. Keep in mind that time-outs, TV breaks, half time, and other play stoppages will draw out the real-time of a game 2 to 3 times longer than the timed play.
How long is a high school game?
High school basketball games consist of four 8 minute quarters, for a total of 32 minutes of game time.
Length of college basketball game?
In the NCAA, college games consist of two 20 minute halves, for a total of 40 minutes of game time.
How long is a WNBA basketball game?
WNBA basketball games consist of four 10 minute quarters, for a total of 40 minutes of game time.
Length of an NBA basketball game?
NBA games consist of four 12 minute quarters, for a total of 48 minutes of game time.
How long is the shot clock?
The shot clock requires offenses to shoot before a timed period runs out. If a shot is not made during that period, a shot clock violation is called and the ball is turned over to the opposing team.
In high school games, the shot clock varies. For men’s college hoops the shot clock is 35 seconds and women’s college is 30 seconds.
The WNBA shot clock is 30 seconds, while the NBA limits the shot clock to only 24 seconds.
Basketball Court Fun Facts
Think you know everything about hoops courts? Try answering these trivia questions.
1.) What type of wood is used for NBA courts?
Maple is selected for its hardness and light color. The lightness helps provide contrast to the ball to follow the action in person and on TV. The lighter color reflects light better, too.
2.) How often does the NBA require teams to replace the floors in arenas?
Every 10 years. But, sometimes a team receives a waiver if the floor is still in great shape.
3.) What three NBA teams were ranked the highest in appearance by the Chicago Tribune?
Charlotte Hornets, Brooklyn Nets and the Boston Celtics floors were ranked the highest by a panel selected by the newspaper. Check out all the rankings for all NBA courts.
By Greg Johnson & Mike O’Halloran
Greg is a designer and writer based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Mike has authored three books on basketball coaching and has coached 10 different teams.
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